Since 1971, The Laboratory of Parasitology-Mycology of the Hospital and Faculty of medicine of Montpellier (formerly Laboratory of Medical Ecology and parasitic pathology) constituted a collection of strains of the protozoan parasite Leishmania (flagellates, Kinetoplastids, Trypanosomatidae), thanks to work of Professor JA Rioux and Professor JP Dedet.
This unique collection into the world by its importance contains more than 6,500 strains of Leishmania from 67 countries on five continents, and especially a great diversity of hosts (human, animal reservoirs and vectors Phlebotomus) and eco-epidemiological situations.
The BRC Leishmania consists of:
– one Level 2 and one Level 3 laboratory,
– one cryopreservation room,
– Two outsourced services for the identification of Leishmania:
– Biochemical identification made by the National Reference Centre for Leishmania, according to the reference method performed since 1981 by MLEE,
– Molecular identification made by the University Hospital of Montpellier, according to a Multi Locus Sequence Typing. A research team associated with the BRC also proposes a microsatellite typing.
The collection consists mainly of strains of Leishmania isolated in culture and stored in liquid nitrogen. The strains are typed in a systematic way.
The BRC Leishmania is engaged since 2007 in a quality approach to obtain certification according to ISO 9001 and NF S96-900 standards.
The BRC Leishmania is a member of the network of French microbiological BRC FBRCMi and Inserm Biobank network.
The collection has been recorded since 2005 in the database of the World Data Centre for Microorganisms of the World Federation for Culture Collection No. 879 WDCM.